Learn about the effects of people on groundwater:

Anthropogenic sources of groundwater contamination
Some anthropogenic sources of groundwater contamination.

Groundwater Uses

As the population in Texas continues to increase, discover how groundwater is used.


Explore the different sources of contamination, including those nature-based, that affect groundwater ecosystems.


What is over-pumpage? How does it affect groundwater ecosystems?

Impacts on Humans

Learn the legal implications of groundwater ecosystems and how they have an impact on city development and recreational opportunities.

Water Conservation

Discover the benefits of water conservation. Learn what are some water conservation strategies.

Through UT’s former UTOPIA program, ESI developed this groundwater resource. We hope you find it useful!